海水饲养、器材常见英文缩写与中译

A

AC=Activated Carbon(活性碳)

AC=Alternating Current (水流) 

ALK=Alkalinity, measure of buffering capacity of water (碱性,度量水的缓冲能力) 

B

BOD=Biological oxygen demand (生物需氧量) 

C

Ca=Calcium (钙) 

CaCl2=Calcium chloride (氯化钙)

CaCO3=Calcium carbonate (碳酸钙)

Ca(OH)2=Calcium hydroxide (氢氧化钙)

CC=Counter current(when referring to skimmers) (反向水流(用在蛋白除沫器时)) 

CC= Crushed Coral(especially here on these forums) (碎珊瑚) 

Cl=Chlorine (氯) 

CO2=Carbon dioxide (二氧化碳)

CO3=Carbonate (碳酸盐)

CTA=Cellulose triacetate, type of RO membrane (三醋酸纤维素, 一种逆渗透膜) 

Cu=Copper (铜) 

CYANO=Cyanobacteria (蓝绿藻) 

D

DD=Downdraft, type of protein skimmer (一种水流从上往下的蛋白器) 

DI=Deionisation, type of water purification (一种水纯化剂) 

DIY=Do it yourself (自己做) 

dKH=Degrees of carbonate hardness, measure of alkalinity (碳酸根硬度) 

DO=Dissolved oxygen (溶氧) 

DOC=Dissolved organic compound (溶态有机物) 

DSB=Deep sand bed (深砂床) 

F

Fe=Iron (铁) 

FO=Fish only, type of marine aquarium (FO缸,只养鱼的缸) 

FOWLR=Fish only with Live Rock, type of reef aquarium (FO加活石缸,只养鱼但置入活石的缸) 

FW=Freshwater (淡水) 

G

GAC=Granular Activated Carbon (粒状活性碳) 

GAL=Gallon (加仑) 

GBR=Great Barrier Reef (大堡礁)

GPH=Gallons per hour (加仑/小时) 

H

HCO3=Hydrogen carbonate (碳酸氢根)

HO=High output fluorescent light (高输出FL灯(萤光灯)) 

I

I=Iodide (碘) 

I2=Iodine 碘分子 

IO3=Iodate (碘酸盐) 

IR=Infrared, type of light with longer wavelength than visible light 红外线 

K

KALK=Kalkwasser, German for calcium hydroxide solution or limewater 钙水,氢氧化钙溶液(德文) 

KI=Potassium iodide 碘化钾

L

LFS=Local fish store 本地鱼店 

LHS=Local hardware store 本地硬件器材店 

LPH=Litres per hour 公升/小时 

LPS=Large polyped Scleractinian (stoney) coral 大水螅体珊瑚 

LR=Live rock 活石 

LS=Live Sand 活砂 

LT=Litre 公升

M

MEQ/L=Milli-equivalents per litre, measure of alkalinity 毫当量/公升 (碱度单位) 

Mg=Magnesium 镁 

MG/L=Milligrams per litre 毫克/公升 

MH=Metal halide, lighting 金属卤素灯 

MO=Mail order 邮购 

N

Na=Sodium 钠 

NaCO3=Sodium carbonate 碳酸钠 

NaOH=Sodium hydroxide 氢氧化钠 

NH3=Ammonia 氨 

NH4=Ammonium 铵 (氨盐基)

NNR=Natural nitrate reduction, reef setup technique 自然硝酸盐消除法 

NO=Normal output fluorescent light 一般输出萤光灯 

NO2=NitrIte 亚硝酸盐 

NO3=NitrAte 硝酸盐

NSW=Natural seawater 天然海水 

O

O2=Oxygen 氧 

ORP=Oxidative redox potential 氧化还原电位

P

PC=Power compact, high intensity fluorescent light 高强度萤光灯 

pH=Measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions, equal to -log[H+], (7 acidic, =7 neutral,)7 basic 酸碱度

PH=Powerhead, water circulator 沉水马达 

PO4=Phosphate 磷酸盐 

PPM=Parts per million, equivalent to mg/l (milligrams per litre) (百万分之一=ppm=mg/L) 

PVC=Poly vinyl chloride, used for piping/plumbing (PVC) 聚氯乙烯

R

RO=Reverse osmosis, type of water purification (RO, 逆渗透) 

RO/DI=Reverse osmosis, followed by deionisation, type of water purification (逆渗透+去离子) 

RTN=Rapid tissue necrosis (快速组织坏死) 

RUGF=Reverse flow undergravel filter (底砂过滤水逆流) 

S

SAL=Salinity (盐度) 

SG=Specific gravity (比重) 

SHO=Super high output fluorescent light, equivalent to power compact fluorescent 高亮度荧光灯能量相当于全光谱、高显色灯管或天光灯管

Si=Silicon (硅) 

SiO2=Silicon dioxide (二氧化硅) 

SPS=Small polyped Scleractinian (stoney) coral 小水螅体珊瑚 

Sr=Strontium 锶 

SW=Saltwater/seawater 海水 

T

TDS= Total Dissolved Solids 完全溶解固体 

TFC=Thin film composite, type of RO membrane 薄层合成物,一种RO用膜 

U

UGF=Under gravel filter 底质过滤 

UV=Ultra violet, type of light, shorter wavelength than visible light 紫外光 

V

VHO=Very high output fluorescent light 高输出萤光灯 

W

W=Watts 瓦特


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